|Monitoring and manipulation of a sublittoral hard bottom biocoenosis in Balsfjord, northern Norway|
Sandnes, O.K.; Gulliksen, B. (1980). Monitoring and manipulation of a sublittoral hard bottom biocoenosis in Balsfjord, northern Norway, in: Kinne, O. et al. (Ed.) Protection of life in the sea: 14th European Marine Biology Symposium, 23-29 September 1979, Helgoland. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen, 33(1-4): pp. 467-472
In: Kinne, O.; Bulnheim, H.-P. (Ed.) (1980). Protection of life in the sea: 14th European Marine Biology Symposium, 23-29 September 1979, Helgoland. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen, 33(1-4). Biologische Anstalt Helgoland: Hamburg. 772 pp., more
In: Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen. Biologische Anstalt Helgoland: Hamburg. ISSN 0174-3597, more
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|Document type: Conference paper|
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- Sandnes, O.K.
- Gulliksen, B., more
Sublittoral hard bottom biocoenoses in Balsfjord, Norway (69°31' N, 19°1' E), were monitored using underwater stereophotogrammetry. The study includes manipulation of natural densities of organisms and testing the importance of biological interactions and "key species " for the structure of biocoenoses. Underwater photography has the advantages of being a non-destructive method, but it is selective because small or hidden organisms cannot always be observed. Field experiments with exclusion of organisms from cages seem suitable for testing hypotheses concerning which animals are "key species " in certain biocoenoses. Sea-urchins (Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis, S. pallidus) were suspected to be "key species " in the present study, and their removal from cages caused an increase in abundance of barnacles (Balanus balanoides), the limpet Acmaea testudinalis and algal cover.