|Progress in management of coastal ecosystems|
Clark, J. (1980). Progress in management of coastal ecosystems, in: Kinne, O. et al. (Ed.) Protection of life in the sea: 14th European Marine Biology Symposium, 23-29 September 1979, Helgoland. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen, 33(1-4): pp. 721-731
In: Kinne, O.; Bulnheim, H.-P. (Ed.) (1980). Protection of life in the sea: 14th European Marine Biology Symposium, 23-29 September 1979, Helgoland. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen, 33(1-4). Biologische Anstalt Helgoland: Hamburg. 772 pp., more
In: Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen. Biologische Anstalt Helgoland: Hamburg. ISSN 0174-3597, more
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|Document type: Conference paper|
The process of coastal zone management in the United States has progressed to the point that it is now possible to embrace whole coastal ecosystems in management programs. The structural and dynamical features of the ecosystems have to be known before management can succeed. Furthermore, it is necessary to disaggregate the systems into subsystems. The following six subsystems have been used as the best compromise between scientific and administrative needs: the watershed terrain, the land drainage system, the coastal basin, the basin floor, the coastal waters, and the ocean. The Apalachicola National Estuarine Sanctuary in Florida is used as a case history of a managed ecosystem.