|Dietary polysaccharide from Angelica sinensis enhanced cellular defence responses and disease resistance of grouper Epinephelus malabaricus|
|Wang, Q.-K.; Chen, C.-X.; Guo, Y.-J.; Zhao, H.-Y.; Sun, J.-F.; Ma, S.; Xing, K.-Z. (2011). Dietary polysaccharide from Angelica sinensis enhanced cellular defence responses and disease resistance of grouper Epinephelus malabaricus. Aquacult. Int. 19(5): 945-956|
|In: Aquaculture International. Springer: London. ISSN 0967-6120, more|
Leukocytes; Polysaccharides; Protection; ; Epinephelus malabaricus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) [WoRMS]; Marine
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The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of Angelica sinensis polysaccharide (ASP) supplemented in diet on the innate cellular immune response and disease resistance in grouper, Epinephelus malabaricus. Fish were fed diets containing different doses of ASP (0, 500 and 3,000 mg kg−1 diet) for 12 weeks. After 12 week feeding, the respiratory burst activity, phagocytic activity, and leukocytes proliferation in head kidney were assayed. The functional immunity in terms of cumulative mortality was also assessed by a challenge with live Edwardsiella tarda. Results showed that the respiratory burst activities in ASP-supplemented groups were increased significantly. The respiratory burst index was the highest in fish-fed 3000 mg kg−1 diet and the lowest in control. The phagocytic activities in ASP-supplemented groups were significantly higher than that of control. No significant difference in phagocytic activity was observed between ASP-supplemented groups. ASP stimulated the head kidney leukocytes proliferation significantly, despite the absence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or not. The cumulative mortalities of fish fed with 3000 mg ASP kg−1 diet were significantly lower than those fed with 500 mg ASP kg−1 diet and control diet after 96 h of challenge. In conclusion, dietary ASP enhanced some cellular immune parameters and disease resistance against E. tarda in grouper.