|Methane gas-phase dynamics in marine sediments: A model study|Mogollón, J. M.; L'Heureux, I.; Dale, A. W.; Regnier, P. (2009). Methane gas-phase dynamics in marine sediments: A model study. Am. J. Sci. (1880) 309(3): 189-220. dx.doi.org/10.2475/03.2009.01
In: American Journal of Science (1880). J.D. & E.S. Dana: New Haven. ISSN 0002-9599, more
|Authors|| || Top |
- Mogollón, J. M.
- L'Heureux, I.
- Dale, A. W.
- Regnier, P., more
A one-dimensional reactive transport model including mass, momentum and volume conservation for the solid, aqueous, and gaseous phases is developed to explore the fate of free methane gas in marine sediments. The model assumes steady–state compaction for the solid phase in addition to decoupled gas and aqueous phase transport, instigated by processes such as buoyancy, externally impressed flows and compaction. Chemical species distributions are governed by gas advection, dissolved advection and diffusion as well as by reaction processes, which include organoclastic sulfate reduction, methanogenesis and anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM). The model is applied to Eckernförde Bay, a shallow-water environment where acoustic profiles confirm a widespread occurrence of year-round biogenic free methane gas within the muddy regions of the sediment, and where subsurface methanogenesis, overlaid by a zone of AOM has been reported. The model results reveal that, under steady-state conditions, upward gas migration is an effective methane transport mechanism from oversaturated to undersaturated intervals of the sediment. Furthermore, sensitivity tests show that when methanogenesis rates increase, the gas flux to the AOM zone becomes progressively more important and may reach values comparable to those of the aqueous methane diffusive flux. Nevertheless, the model also proves that the gas transport rates always remain smaller than the removal rates by combined gaseous methane dissolution and oxidation. Consequently, for the range of environmental conditions investigated here, the AOM zone acts as an efficient subsurface barrier for both aqueous and gaseous methane, preventing methane escape from the sediments to the water column.