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Structural and functional diversity of Nematoda in relation with environmental variables in the Setúbal and Cascais canyons, Western Iberian Margin
Ingels, J.; Billett, D.S.M.; Kiriakoulakis, K.; Wolff, G.A.; Vanreusel, A. (2011). Structural and functional diversity of Nematoda in relation with environmental variables in the Setúbal and Cascais canyons, Western Iberian Margin. Deep-Sea Res., Part 2, Top. Stud. Oceanogr. 58(23-24): 2354-2368. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2011.04.002
In: Deep-Sea Research, Part II. Topical Studies in Oceanography. Pergamon: Oxford. ISSN 0967-0645, more
Peer reviewed article

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 228670 [ OMA ]

Keywords
    Biodiversity; Biogeochemistry; Community composition; Deep sea; Interactions; Meiofauna; Submarine canyons; Nematoda [WoRMS]; ANE, Atlantic [gazetteer]; ANE, Europe, Iberian Peninsula [gazetteer]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Ingels, J., more
  • Billett, D.S.M., more
  • Kiriakoulakis, K.

Abstract
    Samples collected at two different depths (ca. 3200 and ca. 4200 m) in the Setúbal and Cascais canyons off the Portuguese coast, during the HERMES RRS Charles Darwin cruise CD179, were analysed for (1) sediment biogeochemistry (TOC, TN) and (2 composition, and structural and trophic diversity of nematode communities. Multivariate PERMANOVA analysis on the nematode community data revealed differences between sediment layers that were greater than differences between canyons, water depths, and stations. This suggests that biogeochemical gradients along the vertical sediment profile are crucial in determining nematode community structure. The interaction between canyon conditions and the nematode community is illustrated by biogeochemical patterns in the sediment and the prevalence of nematode genera that are able to persist in disturbed sediments. Trophic analysis of the nematode community indicated that non-selective deposit feeders are dominant, presumably because of their non-selective feeding behaviour compared to other feeding types, which gives them a competitive advantage in exploiting lower-quality food resources. This study presents a preliminary conceptual scheme for interactions between canyon conditions and the resident fauna.

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