|Cultivation of Paracentrotus lividus (Echinodermata : Echinoidea) on extruded feeds: digestive efficiency, somatic and gonadal growth|Spirlet, C.; Grosjean, P.; Jangoux, M. (2001). Cultivation of Paracentrotus lividus (Echinodermata : Echinoidea) on extruded feeds: digestive efficiency, somatic and gonadal growth. Aquacult. Nutr. 7(2): 91-99. dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2095.2001.00155.x
In: Aquaculture Nutrition. Blackwell Science: Oxford. ISSN 1353-5773, more
Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) [WoRMS]; Marine
aquaculture; artificial food; digestion; roe; sea urchin; somatic growth
This study assessed the use of extruded feeds, in the form of pellets, for the growing of echinoid Paracentrotus lividus within a closed-culture system. Two feed types, one with soya-bean protein, the other with both soya-bean and fish protein were compared with dried Lessonia sp. and fresh Laminaria sp., as food sources. Pellets present a very high conversion efficiency (about 80%) against about 50% for Laminaria and 35% for Lessonia. However, as pellets are less absorbed, somatic growth (SG) is statistically equivalent for the sea urchins fed with pellets and Laminaria between 2 and 2.2% g soma day-1. Sea urchins fed with pellets produced significantly more gonadal tissue in a shorter time, resulting in a gonadal index (GI) twice higher (6.5%) than Laminaria (3%) in the second month of the experiment. Dry Lessonia does not promote gonadal growth (GG). This study shows that extruded feeds are well assimilated by P. lividus and promote both SG and production of gonadal tissue.