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Importance of wave-induced bed liquefaction in the fine sediment budget of Cleveland Bay, Great Barrier Reef
Lambrechts, J.; Humphrey, C.; McKinna, L.; Gourge, O.; Fabricius, K.E.; Mehta, A.J.; Lewis, S.; Wolanski, E. (2010). Importance of wave-induced bed liquefaction in the fine sediment budget of Cleveland Bay, Great Barrier Reef. Est., Coast. and Shelf Sci. 89(2): 154-162. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2010.06.009
In: Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. Academic Press: London; New York. ISSN 0272-7714, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 231776 [ OMA ]

Author keywords
    fine sediment; waves; erosion; deposition; model; coral; Great Barrier

Authors  Top 
  • Lambrechts, J., more
  • Humphrey, C.
  • McKinna, L.
  • Gourge, O.
  • Fabricius, K.E.
  • Mehta, A.J.
  • Lewis, S.
  • Wolanski, E.

Abstract
    Data from a three-year long field study of fine sediment dynamics in Cleveland Bay show that wave-induced liquefaction of the fine sediment bed on the seafloor in shallow water was the main process causing bed erosion under small waves during tradewinds, and that shear-induced erosion prevailed during cyclonic conditions. These data were used to verify a model of fine sediment dynamics that calculates sediment resuspension by both excess shear stress and wave-induced liquefaction of the bed. For present land-use conditions, the amount of riverine sediments settling on the bay may exceed by 50-75% the amount of sediment exported from the bay. Sediment is thus accumulating in the bay on an annual basis, which in turn may degrade the fringing coral reefs. For those years when a tropical cyclone impacted the bay there may be a net sediment outflow from the bay. During the dry, tradewind season, fine sediment was progressively winnowed out of the shallow, reefal waters.

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