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Six new Actinella (Bacillariophyta) species from Papua New Guinea, Australia and New Zealand: further evidence for widespread diatom endemism, in the Australasian region
Sabbe, K.; Vanhoutte, K.; Lowe, R.L.; Bergey, E.A.; Biggs, B.J.F.; Francoeur, S.; Hodgson, D.; Vyverman, W. (2001). Six new Actinella (Bacillariophyta) species from Papua New Guinea, Australia and New Zealand: further evidence for widespread diatom endemism, in the Australasian region. Eur. J. Phycol. 36(4): 321-340. dx.doi.org/10.1080/09670260110001735478
In: European Journal of Phycology. Cambridge University Press/Taylor & Francis: Cambridge. ISSN 0967-0262, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 230741 [ OMA ]

Keywords
    Actinella F.W. Lewis, 1864 [WoRMS]; Bacillariophyceae [WoRMS]
Author keywords
    Actinella; Australia; bacillariophyta; biogeography; endemism;

Authors  Top 
  • Sabbe, K., more
  • Vanhoutte, K., more
  • Lowe, R.L.
  • Bergey, E.A.
  • Biggs, B.J.F.
  • Francoeur, S.
  • Hodgson, D.
  • Vyverman, W., more

Abstract
    Examination of sediment samples from oligo-and dystrophic ponds, lakes and streams in Papua New Guinea. Australia and New Zealand revealed a hitherto unknown diversity of the diatom genus Actinella Lewis. Six new species are proposed, viz. Actinella aotearoaia sp. nov., A. giluwensis sp. nov., A. indistincta sp. nov., A. muylaertii sp, nov., A. parva sp. nov. and A. pulchella sp. nov. All species are heteropolar, both in girdle and valve view. Novel information on the genus Actinella includes the observations of two ribbon-shaped. valve-appressed plastids in A. aotearoaia and A. pulchella, and the presence of long mucilage stalks in A. aotearoaia. It is argued that, despite recent proposals to reduce the genera Actinella and Desmogonium Ehrenberg to the rank of subgenera of Eunotia, they should be kept separate until the taxonomic significance of their distinctive morphological features (such as heteropolarity) is fully assessed. The new species appear to be endemic to Australasia and have distinct biogeographies within this region. Except for A. aotearoaia, all species are present in Tasmania. A. indistincta and A. pulchella have also been found in New Zealand (Stewart Island). A. aotearoaia is common in several localities in New Zealand but was also found near Sydney on the Australian mainland. Actinella giluwensis has only been observed in material from Papua New Guinea. The record of A. punctata for the latter country constitutes the first confirmed record for this species outside North America and Europe. The discovery of the new Actinella species again confirms the importance of the Australasian region as a major centre of microalgal biodiversity and endemism.

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