|Hold the sea back-is it sustainable? Retrospective and projection|
Charlier, R.H. (2003). Hold the sea back-is it sustainable? Retrospective and projection. J. Coast. Res. 19(4): 875-883
In: Journal of Coastal Research. Coastal Education and Research Foundation: Fort Lauderdale. ISSN 0749-0208, more
artificial nourishment; breaches; breakwaters; feeder berms; groins
Men have waged an endless and relentless fight against encroachment of the sea upon their land; they even captured some space from the sea. Seldom have they raised the question whether the battle could ever be won. Conquests upon the sea have been admired and heralded as masterpieces of achievements in coastal civil engineering. But were these environmentally wise moves, and were/are they sustainable in our contemporary view of matters and today's scientific knowledge?