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|Fine structure of the statocyst sensilla of the mysid shrimp Neomysis integer (Leach, 1814) (Crustacea, Mysidacea)|Espeel, M. (1985). Fine structure of the statocyst sensilla of the mysid shrimp Neomysis integer (Leach, 1814) (Crustacea, Mysidacea). J. Morphol. (1931) 186(2): 149-165. dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmor.1051860203
In: Journal of Morphology (1931). The Wistar Institute Press/Wiley: New York. ISSN 0362-2525, more
Morphology (animal); Neomysis integer (Leach, 1814) [WoRMS]; Marine
The fine structure of the statocyst sensilla of Neomysis integer was investigated. The statocyst contains about 35 sensilla, which are composed of two bipolar sensory cells, nine enveloping cells, and a seta.
The sensory cells consist of an axon, a perikaryon, and a dendrite. The dendrite contains a proximal segment with a ciliary rootlet and at least one basal body, and a distal segment with a ciliary axoneme (9 × 2 + 0) at its base. The distal segment extends along the peripheral wall of the seta and is in close contact with the wall of the hair shaft.
The enveloping cells surround the proximal and distal segments of the dendrite. The innermost enveloping cell contains a scolopale rod. It surrounds the receptor lymph cavity and secretes flocculent material into this cavity. From the tip of the cell a dendritic sheath, which encloses the distal segment of the dendrite, emerges. A peculiar feature of the second enveloping cell is the presence of a scolopale-like rod, which is more slender and less pronounced than in the first enveloping cell.
The seta consists of three parts: a socket, a tubular midpart, and a gutter-like apical part, the tip of which penetrates into the statolith. The seta shows over its full length a bilaterally symmetrical axis that is coplanar with the plane in which the seta is bent toward the statolith.
The structure of the seta and the position of the distal segments provide morphological evidence for directional sensitivity of the sensilla and for the magnitude of shear on the setal wall being an adequate stimulus.