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Chemosymbiotic bivalves from the mud volcanoes of the Gulf of Cadiz, NE Atlantic, with descriptions of new species of Solemyidae, Lucinidae and Vesicomyidae
Oliver, G.; Rodrigues, C.F.; Cunha, M.R. (2011). Chemosymbiotic bivalves from the mud volcanoes of the Gulf of Cadiz, NE Atlantic, with descriptions of new species of Solemyidae, Lucinidae and Vesicomyidae. ZooKeys 113: 1-38. dx.doi.org/10.3897/ZooKeys.113.1402
In: ZooKeys. Pensoft: Sofia. ISSN 1313-2989, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords

Authors  Top | Datasets 
  • Oliver, G.
  • Rodrigues, C.F.
  • Cunha, M.R.

Abstract
    The chemosymbiotic bivalves collected from the mud volcanoes of the Gulf of Cadiz are reviewed. Of the thirteen species closely associated with chemosynthetic settings two Solemyidae, Solemya (Petrasma) elarraichensis sp. n. and Acharax gadirae sp. n., one Lucinidae,Lucinoma asapheus sp. n., and one Vesicomyidae, Isorropodon megadesmus sp. n. are described and compared to close relatives of their respective families. The biodiversity and distribution of the chemosymbiotic bivalves in the Gulf of Cadiz are discussed and compared to the available information from other cold seeps in the Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean. Although there is considerable similarity at the genus level between seep/mud volcano fields in the Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean, there is little overlap at the species level. This indicates a high degree of endemism within chemosymbiotic bivalve assemblages.

Datasets (2)
  • Chemosynthetic macrofauna of the Gulf of Cadiz collected during various cruises between 2000 and 2008 and processed by Uaveiro, more
  • Macrofauna of the Gulf of Cadiz collected during 3 cruises between 2004 and 2006 and processed by Uaveiro, more

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