|Some distinctions between the larvae and pupae of the Empididae and Dolichopodidae (Diptera)|In: Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London. Series A. General Entomology. Royal Entomological Society of London: London. ISSN 0375-0418, more
Dolichopodidae Latreille, 1809 [WoRMS]; Empididae Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]; Marine
Some similarities and differences between the known immature stages of the Empididae and Dolichopodidae are discussed in relation to the recognition of these families in the larval or pupal stage. An attempt is made to distinguish similarities that result from convergence from those that may indicate affinity.