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Polar front shift and atmospheric CO2 during the glacial maximum of the Early Paleozoic Icehouse
Vandenbroucke, T.R.A.; Armstrong, H.A.; Williams, M.; Paris, F.; Zalasiewicz, J.A.; Sabbe, K.; Nõlvak, J.; Challands, T.J.; Verniers, J.; Servais, T. (2010). Polar front shift and atmospheric CO2 during the glacial maximum of the Early Paleozoic Icehouse. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(34): 14983-14986. dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1003220107
In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. The Academy: Washington, D.C.. ISSN 0027-8424, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 231943 [ OMA ]

Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    chitinozoans; Ordovician; zooplankton biotopes; Hirnantian glaciations;climate belts

Authors  Top 
  • Vandenbroucke, T.R.A., more
  • Armstrong, H.A.
  • Williams, M.
  • Paris, F.
  • Zalasiewicz, J.A.
  • Sabbe, K., more
  • Nõlvak, J.
  • Challands, T.J.
  • Verniers, J., more
  • Servais, T.

Abstract
    Our new data address the paradox of Late Ordovician glaciation under supposedly high pCO2 (8 to 22× PAL: preindustrial atmospheric level). The paleobiogeographical distribution of chitinozoan (“mixed layer”) marine zooplankton biotopes for the Hirnantian glacial maximum (440 Ma) are reconstructed and compared to those from the Sandbian (460 Ma): They demonstrate a steeper latitudinal temperature gradient and an equatorwards shift of the Polar Front through time from 55°–70° S to ~40° S. These changes are comparable to those during Pleistocene interglacial-glacial cycles. In comparison with the Pleistocene, we hypothesize a significant decline in mean global temperature from the Sandbian to Hirnantian, proportional with a fall in pCO2 from a modeled Sandbian level of ~8× PAL to ~5× PAL during the Hirnantian. Our data suggest that a compression of midlatitudinal biotopes and ecospace in response to the developing glaciation was a likely cause of the end-Ordovician mass extinction.

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