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Seasonality in ocean microbial communities
Giovannoni, S.J.; Vergin, K.L. (2012). Seasonality in ocean microbial communities. Science (Wash.) 335(6069): 671-676. dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1198078
In: Science (Washington). American Association for the Advancement of Science: Washington DC. ISSN 0036-8075, more
Peer reviewed article

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Keywords
    Climatic changes; Plankton; Seasonal changes; Time series; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Giovannoni, S.J., editor
  • Vergin, K.L.

Abstract
    Ocean warming occurs every year in seasonal cycles that can help us to understand long-term responses of plankton to climate change. Rhythmic seasonal patterns of microbial community turnover are revealed when high-resolution measurements of microbial plankton diversity are applied to samples collected in lengthy time series. Seasonal cycles in microbial plankton are complex, but the expansion of fixed ocean stations monitoring long-term change and the development of automated instrumentation are providing the time-series data needed to understand how these cycles vary across broad geographical scales. By accumulating data and using predictive modeling, we gain insights into changes that will occur as the ocean surface continues to warm and as the extent and duration of ocean stratification increase. These developments will enable marine scientists to predict changes in geochemical cycles mediated by microbial communities and to gauge their broader impacts.

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