|High-resolution Sr/Ca records in sclerosponges calibrated to temperature in situ|Rosenheim, B.E.; Swart, P.K.; Thorrold, S.R.; Willenz, P.; Berry, L.; Latkoczy, C. (2004). High-resolution Sr/Ca records in sclerosponges calibrated to temperature in situ. Geology (Boulder Colo.) 32(2): 145-148. dx.doi.org/10.1130/G20117.1
In: Geology. Geological Society of America: Boulder. ISSN 0091-7613, more
Ceratoporella nicholsoni (Hickson, 1911) [WoRMS]; Marine
paleoceanography; sclerosponge; Ceratoporella nicholsoni; Sr; Ca ratios; ocean temperature; calibration
|Project|| Top | Authors |
- Validation of alternative marine calcareous skeletons as recorders of global climate change, more
|Authors|| || Top |
- Rosenheim, B.E.
- Swart, P.K.
- Thorrold, S.R.
- Willenz, P., more
- Berry, L.
- Latkoczy, C.
Ratios of strontium to calcium have been analyzed by laser-ablation inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) in a skeletal section of the sclerosponge Ceratoporella nicholsoni. The growth period, representative of 3 yr, was stained in the skeleton with a fluorochrome (calcein). Temperatures were recorded at 2 h intervals within the shallow, cryptic reef enclosure that the sclerosponge inhabited on the northern coast of Jamaica, allowing the formulation of a direct empirical relationship between Sr/Ca and temperature. To verify this calibration, Sr/Ca ratios of two sclerosponges of the same species from depths of 67 m and 136 m in Exuma Sound, Bahamas, were analyzed by LA-ICP-MS and compared to the temperatures from these depths over a decade prior to collection. The result is an independently verified, high-resolution empirical calibration for the temperature sensitivity of Sr/Ca ratios in the aragonite skeletons of sclerosponges from Jamaica and the Bahamas. The calibration is a first for C. nicholsoni and indicates that sclerosponges are more sensitive temperature recorders than zooxanthellate corals. It represents an important step in establishing skeletal geochemistry of sclerosponges as a proxy of temperature in the upper 250 m of the ocean.