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Spatio-temporal variation of surface suspended particulate matter concentration in the Belgian-Dutch coastal zone
Baeye, M.; Fettweis, M.; Nechad, B.; Van Lancker, V. (2012). Spatio-temporal variation of surface suspended particulate matter concentration in the Belgian-Dutch coastal zone, in: Baeye, M. Hydro-meteorological influences on the behaviour and nature of sediment suspensions in the Belgian-Dutch coastal zone = Hydro-meteorologische effecten op het gedrag en samenstelling van sedimentsuspensies in de Belgisch-Nederlandse kustzone. pp. 51-68
In: Baeye, M. (2012). Hydro-meteorological influences on the behaviour and nature of sediment suspensions in the Belgian-Dutch coastal zone = Hydro-meteorologische effecten op het gedrag en samenstelling van sedimentsuspensies in de Belgisch-Nederlandse kustzone. PhD Thesis. Ghent University: Ghent. 170 pp., more

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Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    Coastal turbidity maximum; MODIS-Aqua; wind climate; tides; entropy analysis; NAO

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Abstract
    sensing (MODIS-Aqua) data, were evaluated for their use in the assessment of coastal turbidity maximum (CTM) dynamics in Belgian coastal waters. The CTM is a dynamic coastal feature of which the geographic position and extent varies under different meteorological, astronomical and climatological conditions. Analyses were based on grouping-averaging of SPM concentration maps, using different classification schemes. To better spatially depict the CTM, entropy grouping was introduced. This technique analyses, per pixel, the total information contained within the probability distribution of SPM concentration. Results revealed wind-induced variations in position and extent of the CTM, with southwesterly winds inducing a largest CTM extent, in contrast to a strong reduction under northeasterly winds. Climate-induced variations were assessed contrasting 2 winters with opposing indices of the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO). In a winter with a positive NAO index, hence stronger-than-average southwesterly winds, the CTM was extended to the Dutch waters, whereas the opposite occurred in winters with a negative NAO index, hence less-than-average southwesterly winds. To evaluate astronomical forcing (tides) grouping-averaging was performed of SPM concentration maps over a tidal cycle, and spring-neap conditions. Although, only part of the tidal cycle can be analysed, due to the sun-synchronicity of the MODIS-Aqua satellite, comparison of the results with in-situ data from a single observatory station showed good resemblance. It is concluded that MODIS-Aqua satellite data can be used to assess SPM concentration variability related to tides, neap-spring cycles, meteorological and climatological events.

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