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|Ultraviolet radiation and echinoderms: past, present and future perspectives|
|Lamare, M.; Burritt, D.; Lister, K. (2011). Ultraviolet radiation and echinoderms: past, present and future perspectives. Adv. Mar. Biol. 59: 145-187. dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-385536-7.00004-2|
|In: Advances in Marine Biology. Academic Press: New York. ISSN 0065-2881, more|
Echinodermata [WoRMS]; Marine
Avoidance; Echinoderm; Ecosystem; Repair; Response; Ultraviolet
There is general consensus that solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) negatively impacts many marine species. Echinoderms are ubiquitous within the marine environment, with members of the phyla often long-lived and numerically dominant within the benthic macrofauna, consequently the impact of UVR on the population dynamics of these organisms will influence marine communities and ecosystems. Research to date has shown that exposure of echinoderms to solar UVR can, affect reproduction and development, change behaviour, cause numerous biochemical and physiological changes and potentially cause increased mutation rates, by causing DNA damage. There is also considerable evidence that echinoderms utilise several different mechanisms to protect themselves against excessive UVR and subsequent UVR-induced damage. However, these protective mechanisms may pose conflicting selection pressures on echinoderms, as UVR is an additional stressor in oceans subjected to anthropogenic-induced climate change. This review summarises our knowledge of the effects of UVR on the Echinodermata. We outline the research conducted to date, highlight key studies on UVR that have utilised echinoderms and look to the future of UVR research in a rapidly changing ocean.