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Studies on marine fungal-nematode associations and plant degradation
Meyers, S.P.; Hopper, B.E. (1967). Studies on marine fungal-nematode associations and plant degradation. Helgol. Wiss. Meeresunters. 15(1-4): 270-281. dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01618629
In: Helgoländer Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen. Biologische Anstalt Helgoland: Hamburg. ISSN 0017-9957, more

Also published as
  • Meyers, S.P.; Hopper, B.E. (1967). Studies on marine fungal-nematode associations and plant degradation, in: Kinne, O. et al. (Ed.) (1967). Vorträge und Diskussionen. Erstes Europäisches Symposion über Meeresbiologie = Papers and discussions. First European Symposium on Marine Biology = Rapports et discussions. Premier symposium européen sur biologie marine. Helgoländer Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen, 15(1-4): pp. 270-281. dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01618629, more

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Meyers, S.P.
  • Hopper, B.E.

Abstract
    1. Studies of the broad-leafed turtle grass,Thalassia testudinum König, have revealed a diverse range of fungal infestation different in generic composition and dynamics of attack from that found on submerged wood. Certain of the fungi, notably the AscomyceteLindra thalassiae, initiate considerable degradation of leaf tissue and show a developmental cycle in nature related to the physiological state of the host plant.
    2. Use of fungal-cellulose mats as a ldquotrappingrdquo substrate has been extremely effective for discernment of ecologically significant shifts in nematode concentrations, especially those of the omnivorous species,Metoncholaimus scissus.
    3. Patterns of activity ofM. scissus, as well as those of various foliicolous nematodes, suggest that loci of organic material, such as fungal infested leaves and decaying plant tissue, significantly affect biological activity of these animals.
    4. Laboratory analysis of degraded cotton cellulose filters show a striking incidence of fungal reproduction of the ascomycetous fungusLulworthia, along with development of a considerable associated nematode fauna, especially species ofViscosia (V. macramphida) andLeptolaimus (L. plectoides). Successional patterns in nematode development are noted with continued degradation of the cotton cellulose matrix.

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