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High resolution topo-bathymetric and flow measurements and 2D-hydrodynamic numerical modelling to evaluate the effects of the deepening of the navigation channel in the Western Scheldt
Plancke, Y.; Schrijver, M.; Vos, G. (2012). High resolution topo-bathymetric and flow measurements and 2D-hydrodynamic numerical modelling to evaluate the effects of the deepening of the navigation channel in the Western Scheldt, in: Hydraulic Measurements and Experimental Methods 2012 Conference (HMEM 2012), Snowbird, Utah, August 12-15, 2012. pp. [1-7]
In: (2012). Hydraulic Measurements and Experimental Methods 2012 Conference (HMEM 2012), Snowbird, Utah, August 12-15, 2012. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE): [s.l.]. , more

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Document type: Conference paper

Keywords
    Bathymetric surveys; Flow measurement; Hydrodynamics; Navigation channels; Numerical models; ANE, Netherlands, Westerschelde [Marine Regions]
Author keywords
    Deepening; Verdieping

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Abstract
    To guarantee optimal port accessibility, one of the projects within the scope of the LongTermVision for the Scheldt estuary to be executed, is the enlargement of the navigation channel. The environmental impact assessment and an appropriate assessment concluded that a new disposal strategy should be applied: the dredged material has to be disposed near sandbars at 4 locations, to create new ecological valuable habitats.

    To evaluate the success of this new disposal strategy an extensive monitoring programme was set up and several criteria were defined. Frequent (2-weekly, monthly) topo-bathymetric surveys using multibeam echo sounding are performed in combination with seasonal sedimentation-erosion measurements using both RTK (intertidal) and singlebeam (subtidal). Also flow velocities on 10 transects, each consisting of 4 measurements points, in the shallow subtidal and the intertidal zone near the disposal locations are monitored. In the shallow subtidal area one RDI ADCP (1200 kHz) is used as measurement device, in the intertidal zone Nortek AquaDopp (2 MHz) devices are used. All devices look upward, allowing maximal vertical resolution when flooded during the tidal cycle. The RDI ADCP is mounted on a frame; the Nortek AquaDopps are dug in the sandbar.

    Before the start of the deepening, the reference situation was monitored for all 40 locations, measuring continuously over 2 spring-neap tidal cycles. Since the start of the works, new measuring campaigns at all locations have been executed to evaluate the effect of the disposal activities. Preliminary results show different effects near different sandbars, from almost no effect to a significant reduction or increment of current velocities. During the next 6 years this monitoring will continue, allowing the evaluation of the new disposal strategy on the longer term.

    Parallel with the monitoring, a validated 2D-numerical hydrodynamic model was used to evaluate the effects of the disposal of sediments. Every three months a simulation is performed using the most recent topo-bathymetry. This allows an evaluation of the changes in flow velocities and flow patterns near the disposal areas.


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