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Acoutic-oceanographic buoy - An easily deployable, reconfigurable, and multifunctional acoustic-oceanographic system
Jesus, S.M.; Soares, C.; Silva, A.; Hermand, J.-P.; Coelho, E.F. (2004). Acoutic-oceanographic buoy - An easily deployable, reconfigurable, and multifunctional acoustic-oceanographic system. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 116(4): 2559
In: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. American Institute of Physics: New York, etc.. ISSN 0001-4966, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 
Document type: Summary

Authors  Top 
  • Jesus, S.M.
  • Soares, C.
  • Silva, A.
  • Hermand, J.-P., more
  • Coelho, E.F.

Abstract
    The concept of an easy to use and easy to deploy ocean acoustic tomographic (OAT) system is presented. The system is composed of a network of buoys and a data inversion online processor. This study concerns the individual node of that network—the acoustic-oceanographic buoy (AOB)—the data inversion technique and the testing of the system at sea. The AOB is a lightweight surface buoy with a vertical array of acoustic and temperature sensors to be hand deployed in a free-drifting configuration from a small boat. The data are locally stored and transmitted online to a remote station for processing and monitoring. Data inversion is based on a broadband matched-field tomography technique where known and unknown parameters are simultaneously searched for (focalization). In situ recorded temperature data serve for algorithm initialization and calibration. The AOB was successfully deployed in several consecutive days during two rapid environmental assessment sea trials in 2003 (Mediterranean) and 2004 (Atlantic). Data collected at sea also show that the AOB can be reconfigured as a receiving array for underwater coherent communications in the band up to 15 kHz.

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