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Missing and presumed lost: extinction in the ocean and its inference
Smith, W.K.; Solow, A.R. (2012). Missing and presumed lost: extinction in the ocean and its inference. ICES J. Mar. Sci./J. Cons. int. Explor. Mer 69(1): 89-94.
In: ICES Journal of Marine Science. Academic Press: London. ISSN 1054-3139, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

    Benthic communities; Species extinction; Statistical sampling; A, Atlantic [Marine Regions]; Marine
Author keywords
    Atlantic Shelf; benthic communities; species extinction; statisticalsampling

Authors  Top 
  • Smith, W.K.
  • Solow, A.R.

    The number of modern extinctions in the ocean is unknown. The actual demise of the last individual of a species is essentially unobservable, so extinction can only be inferred. Statistical methods are described for inferring extinction from sighting records, species–area considerations, and taxonomic samples collected at two different times. The methods are illustrated using a variety of real datasets, including a sighting record of the Caribbean monk seal and results from three surveys of benthic invertebrates.

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