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|Mangrove species' association and distribution patterns in Tumpat, Kelantan Delta, east coast of peninsular Malaysia|
Satyanarayana, B.; Dahdouh-Guebas, F.; Idris, I.F.; Mohamad, K.A.; Husain, M.-L.; Ibrahim, S. (2009). Mangrove species' association and distribution patterns in Tumpat, Kelantan Delta, east coast of peninsular Malaysia, in: Mees, J. et al. (Ed.) (2009). Book of abstracts: an overview of marine research in Belgium anno 2009. 10th VLIZ Young Scientists' Day. Special edition at the occasion of 10 years VLIZ. VLIZ Special Publication, 43: pp. 122
In: Mees, J.; Seys, J. (Ed.) (2009). Book of abstracts: an overview of marine research in Belgium anno 2009. 10th VLIZ Young Scientists' Day. Special edition at the occasion of 10 years VLIZ. VLIZ Special Publication, 43. Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee (VLIZ): Oostende. xiii, 221 pp., more
In: VLIZ Special Publication. Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee (VLIZ): Oostende. ISSN 1377-0950, more
|Authors|| || Top |
- Satyanarayana, B., more
- Dahdouh-Guebas, F., more
- Idris, I.F.
- Mohamad, K.A.
- Husain, M.-L.
- Ibrahim, S.
We studied mangrove vegetation at Tumpat to estimate different tree structural parameters (e.g., stem density and basal area) at selected sites (PCQ-Method). There were 5 dominant taxa in the vegetation, i.e., Sonneratia caseolaris, Nypa fruticans, Avicennia alba, Rhizophora mucronata, and Bruguiera gymnorrhiza in order of importance. Total tree density varied between 79 and 132 stems 0.1ha-1, and basal area from 0.14 to 4.9m2 0.1ha-1. Based on species composition and stem density, the mangrove sites could be separated into two groups (Bray-Curtis similarity: 60%). While Group-1 (sites G9, J5, K4, N6 and O4), dominated by S. caseolaris and N. fruticans, was distributed throughout the forest, Group-2 (sites C6 and G6), represented largely by A. alba, is present close to the bay-mangrove boundary. Elevation measurements indicate that Group-1 species occupied lowlying to elevated grounds (0.87-2.23m above the mean sea level) with a (mean) salinity between 0.38 and 14.6psu, whereas Group-2 occurred preferentially at low to medium elevations (0.86-1.29m) and high salinity (14.6psu). Discrete mangrove associations (=groupings) were discerned, wherein the distribution of species is governed by factors such as proximity of land or sea, freshwater input and elevation.