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Sulfate burial constraints on the Phanerozoic sulfur cycle
Halevy, I.; Peters, S.E.; Fischer, W.W. (2012). Sulfate burial constraints on the Phanerozoic sulfur cycle. Science (Wash.) 337(6092): 331-334. dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1220224
In: Science (Washington). American Association for the Advancement of Science: New York, N.Y. ISSN 0036-8075, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Halevy, I.
  • Peters, S.E.
  • Fischer, W.W.

Abstract
    The sulfur cycle influences the respiration of sedimentary organic matter, the oxidation state of the atmosphere and oceans, and the composition of seawater. However, the factors governing the major sulfur fluxes between seawater and sedimentary reservoirs remain incompletely understood. Using macrostratigraphic data, we quantified sulfate evaporite burial fluxes through Phanerozoic time. Approximately half of the modern riverine sulfate flux comes from weathering of recently deposited evaporites. Rates of sulfate burial are unsteady and linked to changes in the area of marine environments suitable for evaporite formation and preservation. By contrast, rates of pyrite burial and weathering are higher, less variable, and largely balanced, highlighting a greater role of the sulfur cycle in regulating atmospheric oxygen.

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