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Otolith crystals (in Carapidae): Growth and habit
Parmentier, E.; Cloots, R.; Warin, R.; Henrist, C. (2007). Otolith crystals (in Carapidae): Growth and habit. J. Struct. Biol. 159(3): 462-473.
In: Journal of structural biology. ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE: San Diego, Calif.. ISSN 1047-8477, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 279847 [ OMA ]

    Carapidae Poey, 1867 [WoRMS]; Marine
Author keywords
    Otolith; Carapidae; Aragonite; Habit; Crystal; Daily cycle

Authors  Top 
  • Parmentier, E., more
  • Cloots, R.
  • Warin, R.
  • Henrist, C.

    The biomineralization of otoliths results mainly from the release of soluble Ca2+, which is in turn precipitated as CaCO3 crystals. In some Carapidae, sagittae sections have been shown to reveal a three-dimensional asymmetry with a nucleus close to the sulcal side, an unusual position. This study seeks to understand otolith formation in Carapus boraborensis. The unusual shape of the otolith is partly explained by the distribution of the epithelium cells, and particularly the sensory epithelium. Experimental evidence shows for the first time that aragonite growth takes place along the c-axis. These aragonite needles present two different habits. On the sulcal side is found the acicular form resulting from rapid growth during a short period of time. On the anti-sulcal side, the prismatic form seen there is due to a slower growth speed over longer periods. The otolith surface was observed each hour during a period of 24 h in fishes reared in similar conditions. This allowed for the first time the direct observation on the otolith surface of the deposition of the two layers (L-zone and D-zone). In C. boraborensis, the organic-rich layer (D-zone) develops during the day, whereas the CaCO3 layer (L-zone) seems to be deposited during the night.

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