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Health and efficiency in trimix versus air breathing in compressed air workers
Van Rees Vellinga, T.P.; Verhoeven, A.C.; Van Dijk, F.J.; Sterk, W. (2006). Health and efficiency in trimix versus air breathing in compressed air workers. Undersea Hyperb. Med. 33(6): 419-427
In: Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine. The Society: Bethesda, Md.. ISSN 1066-2936, more
Peer reviewed article  

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  • Van Rees Vellinga, T.P.
  • Verhoeven, A.C.
  • Van Dijk, F.J.
  • Sterk, W.

Abstract
    The Western Scheldt Tunneling Project in the Netherlands provided a unique opportunity to evaluate the effects of trimix usage on the health of compressed air workers and the efficiency of the project. Data analysis addressed 318 exposures to compressed air at 3.9-4.4 bar gauge and 52 exposures to trimix (25% oxygen, 25% helium, and 50% nitrogen) at 4.6-4.8 bar gauge. Results revealed three incidents of decompression sickness all of which involved the use of compressed air. During exposure to compressed air, the effects of nitrogen narcosis were manifested in operational errors and increased fatigue among the workers. When using trimix, less effort was required for breathing, and mandatory decompression times for stays of a specific duration and maximum depth were considerably shorter. We conclude that it might be rational--for both medical and operational reasons--to use breathing gases with lower nitrogen fractions (e.g., trimix) for deep-caisson work at pressures exceeding 3 bar gauge, although definitive studies are needed.

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