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The mollusk fauna of soft sediments from the tropical, upwelling-influenced shelf of Mauritania (Northwestern Africa)
Michel, J;; Westphal, H.; Von Cosel, R. (2011). The mollusk fauna of soft sediments from the tropical, upwelling-influenced shelf of Mauritania (Northwestern Africa). Palaios 26(7): 447-460.
In: Palaios. Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists (SEPM): Tulsa, OK. ISSN 0883-1351, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Author keywords
    Soft sediments

Authors  Top 
  • Michel, J;
  • Westphal, H.
  • Von Cosel, R.

    Ecological and taxonomic study of the mollusk-rich fauna of the Golfe d'Arguin, North Mauritania, investigates the various environmental influences affecting this tropical shelf. The upwelling of nutrient-rich waters leads to a highly productive environment under tropical conditions. The resulting mixed carbonate-siliciclastic sediment contains a large portion of calcareous components produced by heterotrophic organisms—e.g., mollusks, foraminifers, worms, barnacles—that are reworked on the open shelf. On the basis of mollusk assemblages, six taphocoenoses are defined, all being characterized by a mixed fauna of tropical (e.g., Tellina densestriata), subtropical (e.g., Macoma cumana) and temperate (e.g., Spisula subtruncata) species. Differences between the assemblages are related to the medium—grain size ranging from mud to gravel—that results from local hydrodynamic conditions and water depth. Among carbonate grains, Donax burnupi shells are very abundant in the swell-exposed, northern part of the Golfe d'Arguin and reflect the tropical to subtropical, high-energy, and high-nutrient waters. Mollusk assemblages are demonstrated to be a sensitive tool for deciphering complex environmental conditions in sedimentary archives.

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