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Feeding ecology of harbour porpoises: stable isotope analysis of carbon and nitrogen in muscle and bone
Jansen, O.E.; Aarts, G.M; Das, K.; Lepoint, G.; Michel, L.; Reijnders, P.J.H. (2012). Feeding ecology of harbour porpoises: stable isotope analysis of carbon and nitrogen in muscle and bone. Mar. Biol. Res. 8(9): 829-841. hdl.handle.net/10.1080/17451000.2012.692164
In: Marine Biology Research. Taylor & Francis: Oslo; Basingstoke. ISSN 1745-1000, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Carbon isotopes; Nitrogen isotopes; Phocoena phocoena (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]; ANE, Netherlands [Marine Regions]; Marine
Author keywords
    Trophic ecology

Authors  Top 
  • Jansen, O.E.
  • Aarts, G.M, more
  • Das, K., more
  • Lepoint, G., more
  • Michel, L., more
  • Reijnders, P.J.H., more

Abstract
    Harbour porpoises are the most common small cetaceans in the North Sea and Dutch coastal waters. To study their trophic level and feeding location, stable carbon and nitrogen isotope ratios (d13C and d15N) were analysed in muscle and bone samples collected from 157 porpoises stranded along the Dutch coast (2006–2008). In addition, samples from 30 prey species were analysed. Prey samples showed high d15N values in species of higher trophic level. In addition, geographic differences in isotopic composition were found, with higher d15N and d13C values in prey from more southern, coastal and estuarine areas. Based on muscle d15N values, we found neonatal enrichment and that larger porpoises, in particular males, seem to feed on lower trophic level species, compared to smaller individuals. Also bone d15N values show that larger animals had fed on lower trophic levels in distant times. Porpoises from the Eastern Scheldt reveal distinct d13C values in muscle, but not in bone. This shows that these animals had foraged in the Eastern Scheldt for a longer time period but were not born there. Seasonal variation in bone d15N and d13C values revealed two distinct groups of porpoises along the Dutch coast, a winter group (mainly males) that migrated from neighbouring regions and a Dutch subpopulation in summer. These results furthered our insight about shifts in trophic level and feeding location of harbour porpoises from the southern North Sea over time.

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