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Salt water infiltration in two artificial sea inlets in the Belgian dune area
Vandenbohede, A.; Lebbe, L.; Gysens, S.; Delecluyse, K.; DeWolf, P. (2008). Salt water infiltration in two artificial sea inlets in the Belgian dune area. J. Hydrol. (Amst.) 360(1-4): 77-86. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2008.07.018
In: Journal of Hydrology. Elsevier: Tokyo; Oxford; New York; Lausanne; Shannon; Amsterdam. ISSN 0022-1694, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 279792 [ OMA ]

Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    Tidal inlets; Salt water infiltration; Borehole measurements; Fresh water heads; Temperature data

Authors  Top 
  • Delecluyse, K.
  • DeWolf, P.

Abstract
    In the dune area of the Westhoek Nature Reserve, situated in the western Belgian coastal plain, two artificial tidal inlets were made aiming to enhance biodiversity. The infiltration of salt water in these tidal inlets was carefully monitored because a fresh water lens is present in the phreatic dune aquifer. This forms an important source of fresh water which is for instance exploited by a water company. The infiltration was monitored over a period of two years by means of electromagnetic borehole measurements (EM39) and by measurements of fresh water heads and temperature using a large number of observation wells. EM39 observations point to aquifer heterogeneity as a determining factor in the movement of the salt infiltration water. It is shown that part of the infiltration water moves further in the dunes instead of towards the sea. On the long term run, possibility exists that salt water enters the extraction’s capture zone. This issue needs further monitoring and study. Fresh water head and temperature data illustrate that the main period of infiltration is confined to spring tide when large amounts of salt water enter the tidal inlets.

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