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Differential changes of fat-soluble vitamins and pollutants during lactation in northern elephant seal mother-pup pairs
Debier, C.; Crocker, D.E.; Houser, D.S.; Vanden Berghe, M.; Fowler, M.; Mignolet, E.; de Tillesse, T.; Rees, J.F.; Thomé, J.-P.; Larondelle, Y. (2012). Differential changes of fat-soluble vitamins and pollutants during lactation in northern elephant seal mother-pup pairs. Comp. Biochem. Physiol., Part A Mol. Integr. Physiol. 162(4): 323-330. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.cbpa.2012.04.001
In: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A. Molecular and Integrative Physiology. Elsevier: New York. ISSN 1095-6433, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 279791 [ OMA ]

Keywords
    Mirounga angustirostris Gill, 1866 [WoRMS]; Marine
Author keywords
    Biomarkers; DDT; Dynamics; Lactation; PCBs; Vitamin A; Vitamin E; Seal

Authors  Top 
  • Debier, C., more
  • Crocker, D.E.
  • Houser, D.S.
  • Vanden Berghe, M., more
  • Fowler, M.
  • Mignolet, E., more
  • de Tillesse, T.
  • Rees, J.F., more
  • Thomé, J.-P., more
  • Larondelle, Y., more

Abstract
    We investigated the changes of vitamins A and E as well as PCBs and DDTs during lactation in northern elephant seal (Mirounga angustirostris) mother–pup pairs. On average, milk vitamin A concentrations were 6 times higher during late lactation than during early lactation, a pattern that differs dramatically from terrestrial mammals. Vitamin A concentrations also significantly increased in the inner blubber throughout lactation, whereas they remained constant in the outer blubber. Similar dynamics were observed for PCBs and DDTs in maternal blubber and milk. Blubber appears to be an important storage site for vitamin A and organochlorines in seals and a direct transfer of those molecules to the mammary gland may occur. The dynamics of vitamin A, PCBs and DDTs differed from those of vitamin E. There was a significant drop in milk vitamin E concentrations between early and late lactation, which is the usual pattern observed in terrestrial mammals. The dynamics of vitamin E in the blubber layers also differed from those of vitamin A, suggesting different mechanisms of mobilization and transfer into the milk.

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