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The Tylosaurine Mosasaurs (Reptilia, Mosasauridae) from the Upper Cretaceous of Europe and Africa
Lingham-Soliar, T (1992). The Tylosaurine Mosasaurs (Reptilia, Mosasauridae) from the Upper Cretaceous of Europe and Africa. Bull. Kon. Belg. Inst. Natuurwet. Aardwet. = Bull. - Inst. r. sci. nat. Belg., Sci. Terre 62: 171-194
In: Bulletin van het Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen. Aardwetenschappen = Bulletin de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique. Sciences de la Terre. KBIN: Brussel. ISSN 0374-6291, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
Author keywords
    Hainosaurus, Tylosaurus, Leiodon, ramming, ambushpredation, diving, prédation, plongée.

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  • Lingham-Soliar, T

Abstract
    This study represents the first relatively extensive description of the genus Hainosaurus DOLLO, 1885. The description of H. bernardi DOLLO, 1885 is based on the holotype and on a previously undescribed specimen. A new specimen of H. gaudryi (THEVENIN, 1896) from France is also described. Mosasaurus iembeensis TELLES-ANTUNES, 1964, from the Turonian of Angola is reassigned to the genus Tylosaurus MARSH, 1872. The only other tylosaurine species from Africa, T. capensis (BROOM, 1912) is also briefly described. The biomechanics of the skull of tylosaurines is examined primarily because of the hypothesis that the large rostrum was used in ramming prey (RUSSELL, 1967). Various other aspects of tylosaurine predatory behaviour are also mentioned.

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