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Tropical Pacific forcing of decadal SST variability in the western Indian Ocean over the past two centuries
Cole, J. E.; Dunbar, R. B.; McClanahan, T. R.; Muthiga, N. A. (2000). Tropical Pacific forcing of decadal SST variability in the western Indian Ocean over the past two centuries. Science (Wash.) 287(5453): 617-619. dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.287.5453.617
In: Science (Washington). American Association for the Advancement of Science: New York, N.Y. ISSN 0036-8075, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keywords
    Coral; Sea surface temperature; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Cole, J. E.
  • Dunbar, R. B.
  • McClanahan, T. R.
  • Muthiga, N. A., more

Abstract
    A 194-year annual record of skeletal delta(18)O from a coral growing at Malindi, Kenya, preserves a history of sea surface temperature (SST) change that is coherent with instrumental and proxy records of tropical Pacific climate variability over interannual to decadal periods. This variability is superimposed on a warming of as much as 1.3 degrees C since the early 1800s. These results suggest that the tropical Pacific imparts substantial decadal climate variability to the western Indian Ocean and, by implication, may force decadal variability in other regions with strong El Nino-Southern Oscillation teleconnections.

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