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The structure and evolution of the coastal migrant fishery of Kenya
Fulanda, B.; Munga, C.; Ohtomi, J.; Osore, M.; Mugo, R.; Hossain, Y. Md. (2009). The structure and evolution of the coastal migrant fishery of Kenya. Ocean Coast. Manag. 52(9): 459-466. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2009.07.001
In: Ocean & Coastal Management. Elsevier Science: Barking. ISSN 0964-5691, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords

Authors  Top 
  • Fulanda, B.
  • Munga, C., more
  • Ohtomi, J.
  • Osore, M., more
  • Mugo, R.
  • Hossain, Y. Md.

Abstract
    The current study was carried out over a period of one year to characterise the coastal migrant fishery of Kenya. The study looked at gears and vessels used, and ownership, demographic factors including ages of the fishers and family sizes, migrant activity and resource conservation at two main fishing villages in Kenya: Vanga and Mayungu in the south and north coasts, straddling at 4.663 degrees S and 39.215 degrees E and 3.214 degrees S and 40.135 degrees E respectively. Further, the fishers were categorised with regard to fishing, gear and vessel operation and trade, and evolution upon entry into the fishery was also assessed in order to define fisher-stake in the fishery for resource management and conservation planning. Structured questionnaires were used to interview the fishers, and data and information recorded from 1018 fishers during the survey. Migrants accounted for over 63% of the fishers in the two study sites, with majority of the fishers lying in the 15-45 year age bracket. Dependence level averages at 4-6 person families per fisher. Entry to the fishery was mainly at seamen level, progressing to fishermen and finally to fish dealers (tajiris), with the latter holding >62% capital in the fishery. Resource management in the fishery was low and only similar to 10% of the fishers were active participants in marine conservation and community beach management issues. Fisher migrations were mainly monsoon season-linked (>58%) although social factors such as family location determined to a great extent the expanse of the migrations. The revival of fisheries cooperatives and active participation in community resource management and conservation groups is envisaged as the key to the sustainability of both the marine resources and the economies associated with this high mobility, cross-border fishery.

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