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Dynamic zonation of Nerita plicata, N. undata and N. textilis (Prosobranchia, Neritacea) populations on a rocky shore in Kenya
Ruwa, R. K.; Jaccarini, V. (1986). Dynamic zonation of Nerita plicata, N. undata and N. textilis (Prosobranchia, Neritacea) populations on a rocky shore in Kenya. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 92(3): 425-430. dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00392683
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Zonation (ecological); Nerita plicata Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]; Nerita textilis Gmelin, 1791 [WoRMS]; Nerita undata Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]; ISW, Kenya, Coast, Nyali [Marine Regions]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Ruwa, R. K., more
  • Jaccarini, V.

Abstract
    Vertical zonation of Nerita plicata Linnaeus, N. undata Linnaeus, and N. textilis Dillwyn, inhabiting the rocky cliffs of Nyali, Kenya, was studied through several spring-neap tidal cycles from November to December (northeastern monsoon) 1981 and May to July (southeastern monsoon) 1982. For the first time, a monsoon-related cycle of migration in Nerita plicata and N. undata, superimposed on the shorter term spring-neap cycle is demonstrated. Both species rest predominantly in the upper eulittoral zone and the littoral fringe. N. plicata and N. undata rest at significantly higher levels during the southeastern monsoon (SEM) than during the northeastern monsoon (NEM) (P<0.001). On and around neap-tide days N. plicata, N. undata, and N. textilis occupy significantly distinct mean resting positions (P<0.001) in both seasons; N. undata being the highest in the SEM, followed by N. plicata, with N. textilis always in the lowest level. In the NEM, N. plicata and N. undata sometimes change order. On and around springtide days in both seasons, the upper two species, N. plicata and N. undata, rest close together with no significant difference in their mean resting positions, but with both significantly higher than N. textilis (P<0.001). Both the spring-neap and the monsoon migrations of N. plicata and N. undata are interpreted as either direct or indirect responses to wave action.

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