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A model for integrated coastal management legislation: a principled analysis of New Zealand’s resource management Act 1991 1
Makgill, R.A.; Rennie, H.G. (2012). A model for integrated coastal management legislation: a principled analysis of New Zealand’s resource management Act 1991 1. Int. J. Mar. Coast. Law 27(1): 135-165. hdl.handle.net/10.1163/157180812X620667
In: International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law. Kluwer Law International: The Hague; Gaithersburg; London; Boston. ISSN 0927-3522, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 257587 [ OMA ]

Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    Resource Management Act 1991 (RMA); institutions; ocean governance; marine spatial planning; public participation; Integrated Coastal Management (ICM); decision making; legislative frameworks; New Zealand

Authors  Top 
  • Makgill, R.A., more
  • Rennie, H.G.

Abstract
    In this article we set out the key components of Integrated Coastal Management (ICM) legislation and show how the Resource Management Act 1991 (RMA) implements ICM in New Zealand. We briefly discuss why ICM is needed and the definition of ICM. We then identify the key tools for delivering ICM, and outline three general components that we consider need to be provided for in any successful legislative framework for ICM, namely: policy goals, legislative provision and decision-making bodies. Next we discuss five specific kinds of tools that we consider an ICM legal framework should make provision for in order to give effect to ICM in decision making. We finish by acknowledging that the ability of ICM to successfully manage intensive use and conflict is not without criticism, and briefly considering these criticisms in light of New Zealand’s experience with the RMA.

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