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Levels of some polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) flame retardants along the Dutch coast as derived from their accumulation in SPMDs and blue mussels (Mytilus edulis)
Booij, K.; Zegers, B.N.; Boon, J.P. (2002). Levels of some polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) flame retardants along the Dutch coast as derived from their accumulation in SPMDs and blue mussels (Mytilus edulis). Chemosphere 46(5): 683-688. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/S0045-6535(01)00232-6
In: Chemosphere. Elsevier: Oxford. ISSN 0045-6535, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Author keywords
    PBDE; PCB; Bioaccumulation; Water; Distribution

Authors  Top 
  • Booij, K.
  • Zegers, B.N.
  • Boon, J.P., more

Abstract
    Aqueous concentrations of individual brominated diphenyl ethers (BDEs) were determined for five stations in the Scheldt estuary and the North Sea along the Dutch coast using passive sampling by semipermeable membrane devices (SPMDs). Values of 0.1–View the MathML source were observed. The highest levels were found in the Scheldt estuary. Concentration differences between February and October were a factor of 4–8 for BDE209, and were smaller than a factor of 2 for the other BDEs. Bioaccumulation was studied for native mussels and for mussels that were transplanted from an uncontaminated area into the Scheldt estuary for 6 weeks. Concentrations in native mussels were higher by a factor of 10 and 2 for BDEs and PCBs, respectively. Field based bioaccumulation factors (BAFs) were higher for BDEs than for PCBs by a factor of 10. Depuration experiments showed that the larger part of the BDE209 content in mussels was associated with ingested particles, whereas no such effect was observed for the other BDEs or PCBs.

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