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Life strategies, energetics and growth characteristics of Calanoides carinatus (Copepoda) in the Angola-Benguela frontal region
Verheye, H.M.; Hagen, W.; Auel, H.; Ekau, W.; Loick, N.; Rheenen, I.; Wencke, P.; Jones, S. (2005). Life strategies, energetics and growth characteristics of Calanoides carinatus (Copepoda) in the Angola-Benguela frontal region. Afr. J. Mar. Sci. 27(3): 641-651. hdl.handle.net/10.2989/18142320509504124
In: African Journal of Marine Science. NISC/Taylor & Francis: Grahamstown. ISSN 0257-7615, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 244177 [ OMA ]

Keywords
    Calanoides carinatus (Krøyer, 1849) [WoRMS]; Marine
Author keywords
    ANGOLA-BENGUELA FRONT, CALANOIDES CARINATUS, DIAPAUSE, GROWTH RATES, LIPID CONTENT AND COMPOSITION, NORTHERN BENGUELA UPWELLING, OXYGEN MINIMUM LAYER, VERTICAL DISTRIBUTION

Authors  Top 
  • Verheye, H.M.
  • Hagen, W.
  • Auel, H.
  • Ekau, W.
  • Loick, N.
  • Rheenen, I.
  • Wencke, P.
  • Jones, S.

Abstract
    Rates of daily egg production, moulting and egg hatching success, as well as total lipid content and composition of Calanoides carinatus, were measured in the region of the southern Angola Curre nt SAC), the Angola-Benguela Front (ABF) and the coastal upwelling area of the northern Benguela Current (NBC) system during February–March 2002. There were distinct differences in the vertical distribution, growth characteristics, lipid content and composition of populations in the SAC/ABF and NBC regions, indicative of different physiological states. Whereas in the NBC, C. carinatus was actively growing in response to elevated chlorophyll a levels associated with coastal upwelling, it comprised deep-living C5 copepodids with very large wax ester reseves (c. 40–50% dry mass) and extremely low metabolism in the SAC/ABF, suggesting diapause. This study provides the first data on lipid composition (lipid classes, fatty acids and alcohols) of this copepod in the region; in particular, the diapausing C5 contained high-levels of long-chain, mono-unsaturated fatty acids (23% of all fatty acids) and alcohols (69% of all fatty alcohols) in addition to trophic markers of diatoms, viz. 16:1(n-7) and 20:5(n-3). Based on total lipidcontent, the maximum survival time of the diapausal component of C. carinatus was estimated to be 149–192 days, whereas active surface-dwelling C5s and females could not survive for more than 10 days without feeding.

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