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Temporal morph frequency changes in sand-dune populations of Cepaea nemoralis (L.)
Cameron, R.A.D.; Cook, L.M. (2013). Temporal morph frequency changes in sand-dune populations of Cepaea nemoralis (L.). Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 108(2): 315-322. http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/j.1095-8312.2012.02008.x
In: Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. Academic Press: London; New York. ISSN 0024-4066, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Climatic changes; Polymorphism (biological); Prey selection; Marine
Author keywords
    Climatic selection; Selective predation

Authors  Top 
  • Cameron, R.A.D.
  • Cook, L.M.

Abstract
    Changes in morph frequency over time in sand-dune populations of Cepaea nemoralis in the British Isles have been examined using the Evolution Megalab database. Frequencies in colonies on a sand dune at Berrow, Somerset were estimated in 2008–9. This extends a survey started in 1926 by A. E. Boycott and C. Diver and continued in the mid-20th Century by B. C. Clarke and J. J. Murray. An increase in the frequency of the mid-banded morph, noted in earlier work, has continued. The apparent decrease in brown was not confirmed but the yellow frequency has increased. At a range of dunes in the British Isles, comparisons between data from the mid-20th Century and the early 21st Century indicate an increase in yellow and mid-banded morphs and a decrease in banding and brown morphs. These results differ from the overall trends derived from Europe-wide comparison of early data with Evolution Megalab data, in which banded and mid-banded increased in frequency, whereas there was no overall change in yellow. The general pattern of regional variation has been retained, although there is also high heterogeneity between samples, suggesting that a variety of factors are involved in explaining the changes. The mean shifts in frequency are consistent with climatic change over the period. Dunes are probably the most likely habitat in which to detect such a change.

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