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Speciation analysis of organotin in the river Scheldt by capillary Gas chromatography Atomic emission spectrometry (Gc-Aes)
Ceulemans, M.; Szpunar-lobinska, J.; Dirkx, W.M.R.; lobinski, R.; Adams, F.C. (1993). Speciation analysis of organotin in the river Scheldt by capillary Gas chromatography Atomic emission spectrometry (Gc-Aes). Int. J. Environ. Anal. Chem. 52(1-4): 113-125. hdl.handle.net/10.1080/03067319308042853
In: International journal of environmental and analytical chemistry. Taylor & Francis: Amsterdam. ISSN 0306-7319, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Author keywords
    Speciation, organotin, water analysis, liquid-liquid extraction, solid phase extraction, GC-AED

Authors  Top 
  • Ceulemans, M.
  • Szpunar-lobinska, J.
  • Dirkx, W.M.R.
  • lobinski, R.
  • Adams, F.C.

Abstract
    Two rapid, sensitive and interference-free analytical procedures were developed for the comprehensive speciation analysis of ionic butyl- and phenyltin compounds in water. One of them based on ethylation of ionic organotin in the aqueous phase with sodium tetraethylborate (NaBEt4) followed by the extraction of the derivatized species into hexane. The other method involved preconcentration of ionic organotin on a C18 cartridge followed by on-column ethylation in a semi-automated flow system. Separation and determination of organotin species were performed by capillary gas chromatography with microwave induced plasma atomic emission detection (GC-MIP AED). 20–50 ml of sample was sufficient for the analysis and a detection limit of 0.1 ng/l (as Sn) was obtained. The methods were applied to the determination of organotin in the river Scheldt at 15 locations close to the Antwerp agglomeration. Butyltin compounds were detected in all the analyzed samples at concentrations ranging between 10–140 ng/l, 8–70 ng/l and 4–10 ng/l for the mono-, di- and tributyltin in the dissolved phase, respectively. No phenyltin species were detected. The agreement between the results obtained by different methods was within 15%.

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