|Holocene dinoflagellate cysts as salinity indicators from the southwestern Black Sea|
Verleye, T.; Mertens, K.; Louwye, S.; Arz, H. (2008). Holocene dinoflagellate cysts as salinity indicators from the southwestern Black Sea, in: DINO8. Eighth International Conference on Modern and Fossil Dinoflagellates, May 4 to May 10, 2008, Montreal, Quebec, Canada: abstracts. pp. 62-63
In: (2008). DINO8. Eighth International Conference on Modern and Fossil Dinoflagellates, May 4 to May 10, 2008, Montreal, Quebec, Canada: abstracts. Université du Québec à Montréal: Montreal. 71 pp., more
|Authors|| || Top |
- Verleye, T., more
- Mertens, K., more
- Louwye, S.
- Arz, H.
Dinoflagellate cysts are used as a proxy for the reconstruction of the salinity variations during Holocene times in the southwestern Black Sea. Core GeoB 7625-2, located 50 km northeast of the mouth of the Sakarya River, was sampled with a 200 year resolution between 0.25 ka BP – 7.8 ka BP. In the lower part of the core, some extra crucial intervals were sampled with a higher resolution for the determination of the reconnection between the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara. The drastic change in the dinoflagellate cyst assemblage – from a freshbrackish water to saltwater association – is observed between ~9.6 and ~8.1 ka BP, which is earlier than observed in the dinocyst studies of e.g. Marret et al. (in press), Mudie et al. (2001) and Wall & Dale (1973). This could indicate a diachronic salinification of the Black Sea. The fresh to brackish water indicator species are Spiniferites cruciformis form 1-4 and Pyxidinopsis psilata, while the most important saltwater species are Lingulodinium machaerophorum and cysts of Pentapharsodinium dalei. The first occurrence of euryhaline species took place synchronous with a sea level rise and an increase in productivity. The process length of L. machaerophorum, a salinity proxy, indicates a gradual salinity increase. This assumes a gradual reconnection between the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara, which conflicts with the catastrophic flood (Noah’s Flood Hypothesis) introduced by Ryan et al. (1997, 2003). The 500 to 800 year cycles observed in the sedimentary record by Lamy et al. (2006), and related to the North Atlantic Oscillation, were not only recorded by us in the salinity proxy but also in dinoflagellate cyst abundances (productivity). The observed productivity changes are furthermore related to the sedimentation rate: the increase in precipitation in Anatolia possibly results in a higher sediment discharge leading to a better preservation of the organic-walled microfossils. This makes it difficult to determine whether the fluctuations of the dinocysts/gram ratio are the result of fluctuations in productivity or are an artefact due to changes in the sedimentation rate. Furthermore, it is shown that Peridinium ponticum, a species restricted geographically to the Black Sea, is a good proxy for the reconstruction of Holocene salinity variations since its relative abundance fluctuates synchronous with the process length variations of L. machaeorophorum.