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Marine ecoregions of the world: a bioregionalization of coastal and shelf areas
Spalding, M. D.; Fox, H.E.; Allen, G. R.; Davidson, N.; Ferdaña, Z. A.; Finlayson, M.; Halpern, B. S.; Jorge, M. A.; Lombana, A.; Lourie, S. A.; Martin, K. D.; McManus, E.; Molnar, J.; Recchia, C. A.; Robertson, J. (2007). Marine ecoregions of the world: a bioregionalization of coastal and shelf areas. BioScience 57(7): 573-583
In: BioScience. American Institute of Biological Sciences: Washington, D.C.. ISSN 0006-3568, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    ecoregions, marine biogeography, mapping, marine protected areas, representative conservation

Authors  Top 
  • Spalding, M. D.
  • Fox, H.E.
  • Allen, G. R.
  • Davidson, N.
  • Ferdaña, Z. A.
  • Finlayson, M.
  • Halpern, B. S.
  • Jorge, M. A.
  • Lombana, A.
  • Lourie, S. A.
  • Martin, K. D.
  • McManus, E., more
  • Molnar, J.
  • Recchia, C. A.
  • Robertson, J.

Abstract
    The conservation and sustainable use of marine resources is a highlighted goal on a growing number of national and international policy agendas. Unfortunately, efforts to assess progress, as well as to strategically plan and prioritize new marine conservation measures, have been hampered by the lack of a detailed, comprehensive biogeographic system to classify the oceans. Here we report on a new global system for coastal and shelf areas: the Marine Ecoregions of the World, or MEOW, a nested system of 12 realms, 62 provinces, and 232 ecoregions. This system provides considerably better spatial resolution than earlier global systems, yet it preserves many common elements and can be cross-referenced to many regional biogeographic classifications. The designation of terrestrial ecoregions has revolutionized priority setting and planning for terrestrial conservation; we anticipate similar benefits from the use of a coherent and credible marine system.

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