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Threats to biodiversity and their implications in protected and adjacent dispersal areas of Kenya
Okello, M. M.; Kiringe, J. W. (2004). Threats to biodiversity and their implications in protected and adjacent dispersal areas of Kenya. J. Sustain. Tour. 12(1): 55-69
In: Journal of Sustainable Tourism. Channel View Books: Clevedon. ISSN 0966-9582, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Author keywords
    biodiversity conservation, threats to protected areas, Kenya

Authors  Top 
  • Okello, M. M.
  • Kiringe, J. W.

    This study identified threats against biodiversity and conservation in Kenya, and their prevalence across protected areas. The susceptibility of protected areas to the threat factors was also assessed. Ten threat factors were identified from information obtained through interviews with protected area officers. The most prevalent threat factors were the bush meat trade, poaching, prevalence of human–wildlife conflicts, human population density and encroachment, and loss of migration corridors and dispersal areas. Most of the protected areas were susceptible to more than half of the threat factors. All marine protected areas, a majority of forested and protected areas popular with tourists were highly susceptible to most of the threat factors. The findings suggest that biodiversity and most of the protected areas in Kenya are currently faced with various threats. Forest ecosystems, marine protected areas and wetlands need urgent and focused conservation strategies to safeguard them and their biodiversity. Tourism is, however, not a major primary threat; paradoxically some of the other threats identified may be a threat to Kenya’s tourism industry.

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