|How Eastern African countries are using economic incentives to make biodiversity attractive|
Emmerton, L. (2000). How Eastern African countries are using economic incentives to make biodiversity attractive. IUCN: [s.l.]. 6 pp.
Biodiversity; Economics; East Africa
Between 15-26 May more than a thousand government delegates and non-government observers will gather in Nairobi for the Fifth Meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP5) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (the CBD). One important agenda item that will be under discussion is the use of incentive measures to support the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. This is not the first time that incentives, and especially economic incentives, have been identified as a priority tool for biodiversity conservation. Meetings relating to the implementation of the CBD, at global, regional and national levels, have called repeatedly for the identification, development and use of economic incentives for biodiversity, and for the documentation and sharing of experiences relating to their use. The emphasis placed on incentive measures echoes the requirement in Article 11 of the CBD that “ … each contracting party shall, as far as possible and as appropriate, adopt economically and socially sound measures that act as incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of components of biological diversity …”. In turn, an incentive can be defined, within the context of the CBD, as “… a specific inducement designed and implemented to influence government bodies, business, non-governmental organisations, or local people to conserve biological diversity or to use its components in a sustainable manner…”. In other words, incentives are a means of persuading people that it is worthwhile for them to conserve biodiversity and to use it sustainably.