|Economic impacts of marine protected areas: A case study of the Mombasa Marine Park|
Ngugi, I. (2000). Economic impacts of marine protected areas: A case study of the Mombasa Marine Park. [S.n.]: [s.l.]. 10 pp.
The conservation of the marine environment is an integral part of the broader initiatives of environmental conservation in Kenya. A major motivation for the delineation of marine protected areas (MPAs) in Kenya has been the promotion of tourism and also the need to conserve marine biodiversity for posterity. However, the conservation of marine resources in Kenya has led to certain resource-use conflicts between national conservation agencies such as the Kenya Wildlife Service and local fishing communities. The study reported in this paper sought to examine the economic implications of the Mombasa Marine Park on a local fishing community, and thus provide an insight into the factors that lead to such conflicts. In the study, catch-related variables pertaining to the marine protected area were found to be significant. At the same time, attitudes of local fishermen towards the establishment of the Park were found to be extremely negative. The reasons for this included park establishment procedures as well as the lack of alternative sources of income for the communities displaced from the area now managed as a marine park. This paper recommends that in establishing an MPA in a developing and demographically dynamic country like Kenya, conservation authorities must be well aware of and integrate existing traditional systems of resource use into modern management practice. This may be achieved through a multidisciplinary approach to the varied issues related to the establishment and management of MPAs. This approach should build the capacity for active resolution of any resource use conflicts that may arise.