|Indian Ocean tuna fisheries data summary, 1986 - 1996|
Anon, Anon (1998). Indian Ocean tuna fisheries data summary, 1986 - 1996. IOTC Data Summary No. 18: [s.l.]. 180 pp.
Tuna fisheries; ISW, Indian Ocean [Marine Regions]; Marine; Brackish water
Since its inception in 1982, one of the primary objectives of the Indo-Pacific Tuna Development and Management Programme (IPTP) has been to develop and maintain an information centre for tuna and tunalike species in the Indian Ocean (Figure 1). Historical and current fisheries statistics are collected, processed and disseminated for use in the development and management of tuna fisheries. This role has now been taken over by the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC) which has the additional task of providing management advice on tuna resources. The agreement defining the statutes of the IOTC was approved by the FAO Council at its Twenty Sixth Session at the end of 1994, opening the Commission to accession by parties qualified to join. Accession is open to coastal states and to non-coastal states or regional economic integration organisations to which these states have transferred competence over matters within the purview of this Agreement and whose vessels engage in fishing stocks covered by the Agreement within its area of competence. Presently, the member countries and organisations are Australia, Eritrea, France, India, Japan, Republic of Korea, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mauritius, Pakistan, Seychelles, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Thailand, the United Kingdom and the European Union. The First Session of the IOTC was held at the FAO Headquarters in Rome, on December 3rd - 6th 1996. At this session, the member countries chose Seychelles as the location for IOTC headquarters and approved an overall budget for 1997/1998. As there were still important issues to resolve, a Special Session of the IOTC was held on April 21st - 24th 1997, also at FAO Headquarters in Rome. A scheme for the calculation of contribution by each member was adopted by the Commission, on the basis of which the scale of contributions for 1997 and 1998 was also adopted. The work programme for 1997 and 1998 will include important activities such as the appointment of the Secretary of the Commission and the establishment of the headquarters of the Commission in Seychelles. The Secretary was elected at the Second Session of the Commission, Mahé, Seychelles, 22-25 September 1997 and took up his functions in early 1998. IPTP was closed down at the end of 1997. IOTC continues to collect the following types of data: 1. Annual nominal catch by country, species, gear and FAO statistical area; 2. Annual fishing craft statistics by gear, type and size class of boats; 3. Catch and effort statistics by species, gear, fishing ground (ideally 1??x 1??square) and month; 4. Size-frequency data by species, gear, fishing ground and month; 5. Transshipment statistics. Parties fishing for tuna and tuna-like species in the Indian Ocean have in addition been requested to provide estimates of fish bycatch and discards, notably those of sharks, but these data are not currently being collected on a wide basis. This Data Summary, No. 18, was compiled by including the annual nominal catch and fishery fleet statistics for 1996. Nominal catch data are also distributed on magnetic media, together with a programme for data query and analysis, TUNASTAT-PC, available upon request. Catch-and-effort statistics and size-frequency data have in the past been compiled and published in the IPTP Data Records series. The catch-and-effort data from industrial fisheries has also been published by the IPTP in an Atlas and can be provided on demand on magnetic media.