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Harvesting microalgal biomass using submerged microfiltration membranes
Bilad, M.R.; Vandamme, D.; Foubert, I.; Muylaert, K.; Vankelecom, I.F.J. (2012). Harvesting microalgal biomass using submerged microfiltration membranes. Bioresour. Technol. 111: 343-352. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.biortech.2012.02.009
In: Bioresource Technology. Elsevier: Barking. ISSN 0960-8524, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 279673 [ OMA ]

Keywords
    Chlorella vulgaris Beyerinck [Beijerinck], 1890 [WoRMS]; Phaeodactylum tricornutum Bohlin, 1897 [WoRMS]
Author keywords
    Microalgae harvesting; Membrane fouling; Chlorella vulgaris; Phaeodactylum tricornutum

Authors  Top 
  • Muylaert, K., more
  • Vankelecom, I.F.J., more

Abstract
    This study was performed to investigate the applicability of submerged microfiltration as a first step of up-concentration for harvesting both a freshwater green algae species Chlorella vulgaris and a marine diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum using three lab-made membranes with different porosity. The filtration performance was assessed by conducting the improved flux step method (IFM) and batch up-concentration filtrations. The fouling autopsy of the membranes was performed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The cost analysis was estimated based on the data of a related full-scale submerged membrane bioreactor (MBR). Overall results suggest that submerged microfiltration for algal harvesting is economically feasible. The IFM results indicate a low degree of fouling, comparable to the one obtained for a submerged MBR. By combining the submerged microfiltration with centrifugation to reach a final concentration of 22% w/v, the energy consumption to dewater C. vulgaris and P. tricornutum is 0.84 kW h/m3 and 0.91 kW h/m3, respectively.

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