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Influence of organic matter generated by Chlorella vulgaris on five different modes of flocculation
Vandamme, D.; Foubert, I.; Fraeye, I.; Muylaert, K. (2012). Influence of organic matter generated by Chlorella vulgaris on five different modes of flocculation. Bioresour. Technol. 124: 508-511. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.biortech.2012.08.121
In: Bioresource Technology. Elsevier: Barking. ISSN 0960-8524, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 279665 [ OMA ]

Author keywords
    Extracellular polysaccharides; Coagulation; Microalgae; Biomass; Dissolved organic matter

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Abstract
    Microalgae excrete relatively large amounts of algal organic matter (AOM) that may interfere with flocculation. The influence of AOM on flocculation of Chlorella vulgaris was studied using five different flocculation methods: aluminum sulfate, chitosan, cationic starch, pH-induced flocculation and electro-coagulation-flocculation (ECF). The presence of AOM was found to inhibit flocculation for all flocculation methods resulting in an increase of dosage demand. For pH-induced flocculation, the dosage required to achieve 85% flocculation increased only 2-fold when AOM was present, while for chitosan, this dosage increased 9-fold. For alum, ECF and cationic starch flocculation, the dosage increased 5-6-fold. Interference by AOM is an important parameter to consider in the assessment of flocculation-based harvesting of microalgae.

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