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Prepaid tickets to the New World: the New York Continental Conference and transatlantic steerage Fares 1885–1895
Feys, T. (2008). Prepaid tickets to the New World: the New York Continental Conference and transatlantic steerage Fares 1885–1895. Rev. Hist. Ecón. 26(2): 173-204. hdl.handle.net/10.1017/S0212610900000318
In: Revista de Historia Económica = Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History. Alianza Editorial: Madrid. ISSN 0212-6109, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Author 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 248759 [ OMA ]

Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    shipping cartels; migration; steerage fares; maritime networks 19th century

Author  Top 

Abstract
    This article surveys the situation of the shipping cartels (conferences) which regulated transatlantic migrant transport from the European Continent to the United States. The focus of the article is to identify the internal and external pressures underlying these agreements and the strategies employed to neutralize these pressures. The author reaches the conclusion that a pool agreement was essential for the effectiveness of the Conference, which was both a means of horizontal integration regulating the competition between shipping companies and a means of vertical integration to gain control over the transatlantic migrant agent network selling the ocean passage tickets. The author also correlates the efficiency of the agreements with steerage fares and migration costs.

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