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Cenozoic migrations of marine invertebrates through the Bering Strait region
Durham, J.W.; MacNeil, F.S. (1967). Cenozoic migrations of marine invertebrates through the Bering Strait region, in: Hopkins, D.M. (Ed.) The Bering Land Bridge. pp. 326-349
In: Hopkins, D.M. (Ed.) (1967). The Bering Land Bridge. Stanford University Press: Stanford. ISBN 0-8047-0272-1. ix, 495 pp., more

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Keywords
    Biogeography; Cenozoic; Distribution; Marine environment; Marine invertebrates; Migrations; Brachiopoda [WoRMS]; Echinoidea [WoRMS]; Pelecypoda [WoRMS]; INE, Bering Strait [Marine Regions]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Durham, J.W.
  • MacNeil, F.S.

Abstract
    Marine molluscan genera that have simple biogeographic histories and that originated and developed in the middle and higher latitudes of the North Pacific and North Atlantic Oceans are most significant in evaluating marine migrations through Bering Strait and the Arctic Ocean. The available evidence suggests that no transarctic Cenozoic marine migrations occurred earlier than about late Miocene (Pontian) time; during late Pliocene and Pleistocene time, migrations are well documented. These data do not require the connecting seaways to have remained open continuously after their first establishment. It seems more probable that the seaways were intermittently open and closed, but the molluscan paleontologic data on hand do not permit accurate dating of these fluctuations.

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