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New species of Dicyemennea (phylum: Dicyemida) in deep-water Graneledone (Mollusca: Cephalopoda: Octopoda) from the Antarctic
Furuya, H.; Hochberg, F.G. (2002). New species of Dicyemennea (phylum: Dicyemida) in deep-water Graneledone (Mollusca: Cephalopoda: Octopoda) from the Antarctic. J. Parasitol. 88(2): 330-336. hdl.handle.net/10.1645/0022-3395(2002)088[0330:NSODPD]2.0.CO;2
In: The Journal of Parasitology. American Society of Parasitologists: Lawrence, Kan., etc.,. ISSN 0022-3395, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    New species; Dicyemennea Whitman, 1883 [WoRMS]; Graneledone Joubin, 1918 [WoRMS]; Marine
Author keywords
    Graneledone

Authors  Top 
  • Furuya, H.
  • Hochberg, F.G.

Abstract
    Two new species of dicyemids are described from 2 species of deep benthic cephalopods, Graneledone antarctica and G. macrotyla, collected in the Southern Ocean south of the Antarctic Convergence. Dicyemennea bathybenthum n. sp. was found in G. antarctica. It is a medium-sized dicyemid whose length does not exceed 1,000 µm. The calotte is bluntly rounded or conical in small individuals, but the shape becomes discoidal in large individuals. Nematogens and vermiform embryos have 23 peripheral cells. An anterior abortive axial cell is present in vermiform embryos. Other stages in the life cycle were not observed. Dicyemennea dorycephalum n. sp. was found in G. macrotyla. It is a medium to large dicyemid that rarely exceeds 4,000 µm. The calotte is distinctly pointed, similar in shape to a spearhead. Vermiform stages typically have either 25 or 27 peripheral cells. An anterior abortive axial cell is present in vermiform embryos. Infusoriform embryos have 37 cells, the refringent bodies are solid in composition, and 2 nuclei are present in each urn cell.

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