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Seasonal reproductive biology of the egg-carrying calanoid copepod Pseudodiaptomus marinus in a eutrophic inlet of the Inland Sea of Japan
Liang, D.; Uye, S. (1997). Seasonal reproductive biology of the egg-carrying calanoid copepod Pseudodiaptomus marinus in a eutrophic inlet of the Inland Sea of Japan. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 128(3): 409-414. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s002270050106
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Liang, D.
  • Uye, S.

Abstract
    In situ egg production of the egg-carrying calanoid copepod Pseudodiaptomus marinus was investigated in Fukuyama Harbor, a eutrophic inlet of the Inland Sea of Japan, at 3- to 5-d intervals for a year. This species reproduced throughout the year, and the adults showed a large abundance peak in June/July and a small peak in September/October. Females usually outnumbered males, comprising 61.4% of the annual mean. The composition of ovigerous females varied from 7.9 to 100%, with an annual mean of 55.7%. Adult prosome length was consistently large throughout winter and spring, and decreased with increasing temperature in summer and fall. Egg diameter varied from 98 to 121?µm, and was negatively correlated to temperature. The seasonal variation in clutch size (range: 15.1 to 38.2 eggs) was bicyclical, with peaks in May and December. The egg production rate of breeding females was low in January to March (mean: 2.3 eggs female-1 d-1), while it was constantly high from mid-May to early October (mean: 12.1 eggs female-1 d-1). The specific egg production rate for the breeding females was highly correlated to temperature; it increased linearly from 0.03 d-1 at 9?°C to 0.27 d-1 at 26?°C. Compared to other co-occurring copepods, the reproductive rate of P. marinus was lowest, which is one of the reasons why this species never dominates in this inlet.

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